Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the nervous system…
The exact cause of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is unknown, it’s considered an autoimmune disease. In a normal person, antibodies produced by the immune system that help to protect the body against viruses, bacteria, and other foreign substances. But, the people with M.S., the immune system destroys the substance that surrounds and protects the nerve cells; the myelin sheath. When myelin around the nerves is damaged then the nerves can’t function properly to deliver these signals in the right way.
Who gets Multiple Sclerosis :
No one really knows the exact causes of M.S. It’s most likely the result of a combo of environmental, viral and genetic factors. A number of different viruses may cause M.S. Here are some reasons that may cause Multiple Sclerosis:-
1. Age :
M.S. can affect people of any age, but it often begins between the ages of 20 and 40. The average age of onset is approximately 34 years.
2. Infections :
A lot of viruses have been linked to M.S. The Viruses, such as Epstein-Barr, or mononucleosis, and varicella zoster may be triggered.
3. Salt :
A new survey says that too much salt in the diet may trigger an autoimmune reaction.
4. Climate :
M.S. is far more common in countries with temperate climates, such as- Canada, North America, New Zealand, Southeastern Australia and Europe. White people are more likely to develop it than people of other races.
5. Have another autoimmune disease :
If you have another autoimmune disease, such as thyroid disease, type 1 diabetes or inflammatory bowel disease then your risk of developing M.S. is slightly higher.
6. Family history :
Family hierarchy is one of the most important factors of M.S. If your family has suffered from any of the types in past, then you are most likely to develop it.
7. Lack of sun exposure :
A survey says that the people who don’t take vitamin D and sun exposure have higher the risk of M.S. Increasing exposure to sunlight or ingesting vitamin D is one of the best ways to reduce the risk of M.S.
8. Smoking :
Smoking is one of the most important factors that may cause M.S. Smokers who experience an initial event of symptoms that may signal M.S., are more likely than nonsmokers to develop a second event that confirms relapsing-remitting MS.
9. Also, affect children and teens :
M.S. can affect children and teens. It has been estimated that 2% – 5% of people with M.S. develop symptoms prior to age 18.
10. Born season :
If a woman was pregnant in the winter season, then the baby is at the risk for M.S. According to a new survey, spring babies are at a higher risk of M.S. In this study, an April birth was linked to a 9.4% higher M.S. risk, while those born in November had an 11.1% lower risk.