Adenomyosis || Its Causes, Symptoms & More

Adenomyosis occurs when the endometrial tissue, which normally lines of the uterus, exists within and grows into the muscular wall of uterus…

Adenomyosis is a medical condition in which the inner lining of the uterus ( called endometrium) breaks through the thick, muscular wall of the uterus ( called myometrium).

It can cause period pain ( menstrual cramps ), endometriosis, menorrhagia ( heavy periods ). 

It is a not life-threatening condition. Its frequent pain and heavy bleeding associated with it can have a negative impact on the woman’s life.

Normally, this disease are found on the women whose age is between 35 to 50 years. But it can also be present in young age women.

Symptoms :

Some woman does not have any symptoms. Some other symptoms of this disease is the present with painful means ( including dysmenorrhea & menorrhagia ).

The other symptoms including :

  • Heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding
  • Dragging sensation down thighs and legs
  • Severe menstrual cramps
  • Knifelike pelvic pain during menstruation
  • Abdominal pressure and bloating
  • Pain during intercourse or sex
  • Blood clots that pass during your period
  • Irritation of the urinary bladder

Causes :  

Till the main cause of this disease is unknown. The expert theories about a possible cause include :

  • Invasive tissue growth : Some experts believe that this disease occurs due to the direct invasion of endometrial cells from the lining of uterus into muscle that forms the uterine walls.
  • Uterine inflammation related to childbirth : Some experts believe that, it is the inflammation of uterine lining during the postpartum period might cause a break in the normal boundary of cells that line your uterus.
  • Stem cell origins : According to a survey, it can also cause bone marrow stem cells may invade the uterine muscle.
  • Surgical pregnancy termination : Surgical pregnancy termination may be one of the cause of this disease.

Risk factors :

The risk factors of this disease are including :

  • Prior uterine surgery
  • Childbirth
  • Middle age ( the age between 35 to 50 years )

Diagnosis :  

If you found any of its symptoms than visit to your doctor. The doctor can diagnose it, based on your :

  1. Signs and symptoms
  2. Pelvic exam which reveals the enlarged, tender uterus
  3. Ultrasound imaging of the uterus
  4. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of uterus

Treatment :

Its treatments are including :

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Hysterectomy
  • Hormone medications
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