Fibroids || Causes,Symptoms,Diagnosis & Treatment

Fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that abnormally grow from the muscle layers of the womb …

Fibroids are tumors that made of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue which develop in uterus. It is also known as uterine myomas, leiomyomas, or fibromas.

It is the abnormal growth tumor that develop in the feminine reproductive system.

According to a survey, fibromas affect around 30 percent of the women by the age of 35 years, and from 20 to 80 percent of women by the age of 50 years.

Generally, fibromas develops in those women whose ages are between 16 to 50 years ( called reproductive years, because during this years estrogen levels are higher ).

Ten seconds summary :

Here are some key points about Fibromas :

  • Fibromas are the common problems of women during reproductive years ( ages are between 16 to 50 years ).
  • It develops in female reproductive system, when estrogen levels are higher.
  • In most of the cases, there are no symptoms, but they can include constipation, lower backache and excessive or painful uterine bleeding leading to anemia.
  • In 99 percent of this cases, tumors are benign (non-cancerous).
  • The exact cause of fibromas are not clear, till now. But, scientists believed that each tumor develops from the aberrant muscle cell in the feminine uterus, that multiplies rapidly because of the influence of estrogen.

Types of Fibromas :  

There are four types of fibromas, they are :

1. Intramural :

Intramural is the most common type of fibromas. It is embedded in the muscular wall of the womb.

2. Subserosal :

Subserosal fibromas extend beyond the wall of womb and grow within the surrounding outer uterine tissue layer.

3. Submucosa :

Submucosa fibromas can push into the cavity of the womb. Generally, it found in the muscle beneath the inner lining of wall.

4. Cervical :

Cervical fibromas take root in the neck of the womb, called Cervix.

Causes of fibromas :  

The exact cause of fibromas are not clear, till now. But several factors may influence their formation.

Hormones produced by the ovaries :

Some hormones hormones that produced by ovaries like Estrogen and progesterone, can cause of fibromas by regenerate uterine lining during your periods.


Family history :

Fibromas may run in the family. If any of your family members ( like your mother, sister, or grandmother ) are affected with fibromas than you may develop it as well.

Pregnancy :

Fibromas may develop and grow rapidly while you were pregnant.

High body weight :

High body weight, also called Obesity is the the accumulation of too much fats in the form of adipose tissue in body. These extra calories are generated when the difference between calories in and calories out is more. In this case, calorie in is more while calorie out is less in comparison. Obesity itself is considered as a disease as it give rise to several other diseases and has a  negative impact on health.

Ages :

Ages can increase the risk of Fibromas. The person who are in the age of 30 or older have the high risk of  Fibromas.

Symptoms of  Fibromas :

The symptoms of Fibromas will depend on the number of tumors, their location and size. The symptoms of Fibromas may include :

Some other possible symptoms include:

  • Pregnancy problems
  • Repeated miscarriages
  • Labor problems
  • Fertility problems

Diagnosis for Fibromas :  

Generally, Fibromas diagnosed through the routine pelvic examinations. Here are some diagnostic tests that can detect fibroimas and rule out other conditions :

  1. Ultrasound : Your doctor can create ultrasound ( a high-frequency sound waves that produce images of your uterus on a screen ) by scanning over your abdomen or by inserting a small ultrasound probe into your vagina.
  2. Pelvic MRI : This is the depth imaging test that produces pictures of uterus, ovaries, and other pelvic organs. It helps to determine the size and quantity of fibromas.
  3. Laparoscopy : This is a technique, through which your doctor makes a small opening in your skin of abdomen and inserts a small tube with a lighted camera attached through the layers of abdominal wall.

Treatment :

The doctor will develop a treatment plan based on your age, size of your fibroids, and your health and medical history. Treatment will be determined by:

  • Your health and medical history
  • Expectations for the course of the disease
  • Your desire for pregnancy
  • Extent of the disease
  • Your tolerance for specific medications or procedures

General treatment are including :

  1. Hysterectomy
  2. Uterine artery embolization
  3. Anti-hormonal agents
  4. Anti-inflammatory painkillers
  5. Conservative surgical therapy
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