Hysterectomy is an operation to remove the uterus or womb of women. With this surgery, you may remove the cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes and other surrounding structures. This is one of the most common non-obstetrical surgery that procedure in the women of United States.
Uterus is the area where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. In this surgery, your whole uterus is usually removed. After this surgery, you don’t have longer menstrual periods and cannot become pregnant.
Reasons of this surgery :
A woman may have this surgery for different reasons, including :
- Uterine fibroids
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
- Uterine pain
- Pelvic pain
- Uterine prolapse ( a sliding of uterus from its normal position into vaginal canal )
- Uterine cancer
- Thickening of the uterus
Types of this surgery :
There are three major types of this surgery. They are :
1. Total hysterectomy :
In this surgery, your doctor remove your uterus and cervix.
2. Subtotal hysterectomy :
This surgery is known as supracervical or partial surgery. In this surgery your doctor remove uterus, leaving the cervix in place.
3. Radical hysterectomy :
In this surgery, your doctor remove your uterus, cervix, ovaries, structures that support the uterus.
Side – effects :
This is one of the major surgery and it should always be considered carefully, weighing the risks and benefits. Here are some side effects that may have after surgery :
Effects of Anesthesia :
After this surgery, you may found the anesthesia. That’s why, you feel no pain during the operation. After anesthesia, you may feel :
- Weak for few days
- A little sick to your stomach
Excessive Bleeding :
After this surgery, you are under the risk that you might bleed too much during an operation and need a transfusion. Ask to the doctor, if :
- You should donate some of your own blood before operation
- Someone should give blood for you
Menstrual Changes :
In this operation, the doctor remove your uterus. If you were still having menstrual cycle before surgery, then you will stop it after the operation.
Surgical menopause with double oophorectomy :
In some cases, doctors will remove your both ovaries as well as the uterus in a procedure with double oophorectomy. After this surgery, patient have some change in there body like :
- Night sweats
- Mood swings
- Hot flashes
- Vaginal thrush
- Vaginal dryness
- Disturbed sleep
Sexual issues :
This surgery can affect on your sexual life, including :
- You can’t sex for six weeks after the surgery.
- Some women have pain during the intercourse.
Complications & Risks :
Some of the possible complications after this surgery, including :
General anaesthetic :
This is a very rare for serious complications ( nerve damage, allergic reaction and death ) to occur after having a general anaesthetic.
After this surgery, there’s a small risk of heavy bleeding. In some cases, you may need for blood transfusion.
Ureter problem :
In some cases, your ureter ( a tube through which urine is passed ) may be damaged during the surgery.
Damage of abdominal organs :
In some of cases, the surgery may damage your abdominal organs such as the bladder or bowel. It may increase the risk of :
- Frequent need to urinate
After this surgery, you are under the risk of infection. The infection may be a wound infection or a urinary tract infection.
Vaginal problem :
After this surgery, you have increase the risk of vaginal problems, including :