Kidney Infection || Its Cause, Symptom & More

Kidney infection is a bacterial disease, that have gained entry to the urinary tract, usually via the vagina or anus …

Kidney Infection also known as renal infection or pyelonephritis, is one of the member of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) that can involve the urinary tract.

Normally this infection develops quite fast – in a day or a few hours.

This disease is more common in women and girls because of the risk of spreading infection when wiping the bottom.

Urinary Tract :

There are four parts of urinary tracts :

  • Kidney : There are two kidneys in human body, one is the left and another is right sides of the body in vertebrates. It receives blood from paired renal arteries, blood exits to paired renal veins.
  • Ureters :  This is a tube which helps to pass urine from the kidneys to the bladder. There are one ureter in each kidney, which are connected with bladder.
  • Bladder : Its a hollow organ, available in lower abdomen which stores urine.
  • Urethra : It is a tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body.

Symptoms :

  • Pain occurs in side, lower back and around your genital area
  • Abdominal pain also occurs
  • The patient feels discomfort and tired
  • Patient have fever and also feels chills
  • Shivering
  • Weakness occurs in body
  • Lost appetite
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Patient may have the risk of diarrhoea
  • Urinating more often, wanting to wee more
  • Burning during urination
  • Urine may be smelly and cloudy urine.
Symptoms in child :
  • Patient being irritable
  • Wetting the bed after being dry
  • Blood in pee
  • Smelly pee
  • Down its growing rate


Causes :

Bacteria (  E. coli bacteria ) often infect the urethra and spreads to one of the kidneys.This infection is  thought to spread from the anus through the vagina/penis area to the urethra tubes, bladder and kidneys.

Generally, it affects women and girls because of the risk of spreading infection when wiping the bottom.

It isn’t always known why a person gets a kidney infection, but the chances are higher with:

  • Kidney stones : It have a higher risk of developing this disease.
  • Toilet hygiene : When you use toilet paper to clean your vagina or anus, then this infection could also enter via your vagina or anus.
  • Sexual intercourse : It irritates the urethra there may be a higher risk of bacteria getting inside the urinary tract.
  • Weak immune systems: Weak immune systems may have a bacterial infection on their skin, which increase the risk of this disease.
  • Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) : Having UTI (an infection which affects the part of the urinary tract )
    may increase the risk of this disease.

Treatment :

This disease can either be treated at home or in a hospital. It depends on several factors, including the severity of symptoms and the general state of health of patient.

Treatment at home by prescribed oral antibiotics. In this case, the patient start to feel better after few days.

The factors for treatment being administered in-hospital are :

Diagnosis :

Your doctor may check your general state of health by check your :

  1. Heart rate
  2. Blood pressure
  3. Body temperature

Your doctor may suggest you some test, including –

  1. Pregnancy test
  2. Urine test
  3. CT scan
  4. Isotope scan
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