Leukemia || Its Causes, Symptoms & More

Leukemia is a group of cancer of body’s blood-forming tissues, including your bone marrow ( produces blood cells ) as well as your lymphatic system. It occurs due to the problem with the production of blood cells.


In leukemia, there are high numbers of abnormal white blood cells ( potent infection fighters ), that are not fully developed, occurs on your body. These white blood cells are known as blasts or leukemia cells.

The symptoms of leukaemia occurs due to a lack of normal blood cells of your body. Its symptoms are including bleeding and bruising problems, fever, feeling tired.

According to a survey, leukaemia is most likely to affect people over the age of 55 years, but it is also the most common cancer in those people whose age is under 15 years.

Ten second summary :

Here are some important key points about leukaemia :

  • Leukaemia is one of the most common types of cancer in the older adult, but it can also affects the people whose age is under 15 years.
  • It can be fatal, but there are ways of treat and control it.
  • The exact cause of leukaemia is unknown, but it may occurs due to  genetic factors and environmental factors.
  • The risk factors include of leukaemia are including smoking, prior chemotherapy, ionizing radiation, and down syndrome.

Causes of leukaemia :

Till the exact cause of leukaemia is unknown. But scientists believes that it develop from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. some other causes including :

  • Smoking
  • Prior chemotherapy
  • Ionizing radiation
  • Down syndrome

Symptoms of leukaemia :  

The symptoms of leukaemia vary from its types. Some common symptoms including :

  • Fever
  • Persistent fatigue
  • Bone pain
  • Severe infections
  • Weight lose
  • Weakness
  • Easy bleeding
  • Recurrent nosebleeds
  • Tiny red spots in skin
  • Excessive sweating

Risk Factors of leukaemia : 

Some factors that increase the risks of developing lekaemia are including :

  • Artificial ionizing radiation
  • Viruses ( such as HTLV-1, HIV )
  • Some petrochemicals
  • Previous cancer treatment
  • Age
  • Hair dyes
  • Smoking
  • Genetics factors

Diagnosis :  

The doctors find the disease by asking you the sign or symptoms of it. If you have the sign that suggest leukaemia than the doctor suggest you the following diagnostics :

  1. Blood tests : to determine the abnormal levels of red or white blood cells or platelets.
  2. Physical exam : physical exam, such as pale skin from anemia, swelling of your lymph nodes, and enlargement of your liver and spleen, helps to find leukaemia.
  3. Bone marrow test : It helps to look for leukemia cells.

Treatment :

The treatment of leukaemia depends on many factors, such as age and overall health, type of leukaemia, and whether it has spread to other parts of the body, including the central nervous system.

Some common treatment are including :

  1. Chemotherapy : A drug treatment that uses chemicals to kill leukaemia cells.
  2. Targeted therapy : A drug treatment that uses to attack specific vulnerabilities within the cancer cells.
  3. Stem cell transplant : Replace your diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow.
  4. Biological therapy : Help your immune system to recognize and attack leukemia cells.
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