Malnutrition || Its Cause, Symptoms & Diagnosis

Malnutrition is a health problem, caused by eating diet. It happens when nutrients are either not enough or are too much.

Malnutrition occurs due to either an excess nutrition or a lack of food nutrition. According to World Health Organization (WHO), malnutrition is dangerous to global public health. In the world, 45% of children under age 5, die by this disease.

This disease occurs when a person’s diet does not contain the right amount of nutrients. There are two types of Malnutrition’s :

  • Undernutrition – It occurs when a person don’t get enough nutrients.
  • Overnutrition – It occurs when a person get more nutrients than needs.

Causes :  

Malnutrition is caused by various environmental and medical conditions, like :

Low intake of food :

Low intake of food are one of the cause of this disease. It helps to improve your illness and makes you week.

Mental health problems :

Mental health problem can lead to this disease. It makes you depressed, nervous and  anorexia.

Social and mobility problems :

Social and mobility problem may cause this disease.

Stomach condition :

Stomach condition is also caused by this disease. Some people can easily digest any oily and fatty foods, while other people when eat fatty or oily food than his loose motion starts.

Diseases :

Disease makes a person’s consequence of health issues. Some of the disease that may causes malnutrition are –

Signs & Symptoms :  

The sign and symptoms of this disease are :

Diagnosis & Treatment :  

Here are simple and easy 5-steps plan, which helps to your care your health that providers diagnosis and treat you.

Step 1:

Calculate your BMI ( Body Mass Index ) by measure your height and weight, and provide a score.

Step 2:

Note your percentage of unplanned weight loss and provide a score.

Step 3:

Identify any mental or physical health condition and score.

Step 4:

Add scores from steps 1, 2 and 3 to obtain an overall risk score.

Step 5:

Use local guidelines for develop the care plan.

If the person is at low risk of malnutrition, their overall score will be 0. A score of 1 denotes a medium risk and 2 or more indicates a high risk.

Some Tests :

  • Regular test your blood. It helps to dehydration, low blood sugar and signs of severe infection as is evident by raised while blood cell counts.
  • Thyroid function tests
  • Check the levels of Calcium, Phosphate, Zinc and vitamins of your body

Treatment :

  • Healthy Diet :- Consumption of healthy food diets that are rich in nutrients helps in lowering the risk of this disease. A proper balanced diet is all that is necessary to be healthy.
  • Regular Exercise :- Having a regular exercise lowers the chances of being obese.
  • Physical Activity :- Always be indulged in some kind of physical activities so that you can burn the excess calories formed in body.

Risks :

There are three types of risks …

Low risk : It is easily treated at the hospital and at home.

Medium risk : In this case, the patient may undergo observation, their dietary intake will be documented for 3 days, and they will receive ongoing screening.

High risk :  In this case, the patient will need treatment from a nutritionist and possibly other specialists, and they will undergo ongoing care.

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