Motion sickness (travel sickness)

Motion sickness, also called travel sickness, is a very common disturbance of the inner body that is caused by repeated motion. In this sickness, a disagreement exists between your visually perceived movement and your vestibular system’s sense of movement.

Travel sickness is caused by repeated motion from a vehicle or any other movements that disturb your inner body. This can be referred to as sea sickness ( riding on a boat or ship ), car sickness, simulation sickness, air sickness or amusement park ride sickness e.t.c.

It is found that travel sickness most commonly affects children from the age 2 to 12 years, pregnant women, and that people who are prone to migraines.

The most common symptom of travel sickness is Dizziness, fatigue, nausea or vomiting. According to a survey, 3-D movies can also cause nausea.

Ten seconds summery :

  • Travel sickness occurs if functions as a defense mechanism against neurotoxins.
  • Anyone can develop travel sickness, but commonly it affects children from the age 2 to 12 years, pregnant women, and that people who are prone to migraines.
  • The symptoms of travel sickness arise from the inner ear due to the changes in the sense of a person of balance and equilibrium.
  • The most common symptoms of travel sickness are nausea, vomiting, and dizziness.

Causes of travel sickness :  

Travel sickness is caused by continue stimulation of the tiny portion of the inner ear (vestibular system ) that helps to control your sense of balance.

The facts that can affects your vestibular system including –

  • When exposed to unfamiliar motion.
  • During turbulent weather.
Some other causes of travel sickness including :
  • Heart discomfort
  • Anxiety
  • Smelling someone who is airsick
  • Eating nauseating foods

Sign and Symptoms of travel sickness :

Some serious symptoms :

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Drooling
  • Dizziness
  • Pallor
  • Short breath
  • Drowsiness

Some common symptoms :

  • Sweating
  • Feeling discomfort
  • Headache
  • Mild unease
  • Yawning

Diagnosis :

Generally, travel sickness are mild and self-treatable. But, in rare case, it may be dangerous. To diagnose your travel sickness, your doctor will ask about your symptoms and find out what usually causes the problem (such as sea sickness ( riding on a boat or ship ), car sickness, simulation sickness, air sickness or amusement park ride sickness ).

Medications :

Scopolamine :

This is one of the most common prescribed medication for travel sickness. Take it before the symptoms start.

Promethazine :

Take it at least two hours before travel. Its effects last 6 to 8 hours. Its side effects may include sleepiness and dry mouth.

Meclizine (Bonine) :

Take it at least one hour before travel.  It is not recommended for the children who are under 12 years. Its side effects may include sleepiness and dry mouth.

Prevention:

  • Sit in the position in which your eyes can see the same motion that your body feels.
  • If you have car sickness then sit in the front seat and look at the distant scenery.
  • In the case of sea sickness, go to the deck and watch the motion of the horizon.
  • In air sickness, sit by the window and look outside.
  • Avoid strong odor during travel.

Tips to control your travel sickness :  

Here are some tips that helps to control your travel sickness.

Looking at the horizon :

Look out of the window of the moving vehicle and to gaze toward the horizon in the direction of travel. It re-orient your inner sense of balance by providing visual reaffirmation of the motion.

Keep your eyes close :

Close your eyes, or you may take a nap for avoid travel sickness. This resolves the input conflict between your eyes and your vestibular system.

Chewing :

Chewing gum helps to relive in common and mild car sickness.

Fresh air :

Fresh air can also helps to control travel sickness. It also helps to avoid foul odors, which can cause nausea.