Peptic Ulcer || Cause,Symptoms,Diagnosis & Treatment

Peptic Ulcer is a break that lining of the stomach, lower esophagus or small intestine.

Generally, peptic ulcer forms due to the inflammation caused by the bacteria H. pylori and the from of erosion from stomach acids.

Different factors that cause the lining of your stomach, your esophagus, and your small intestine to break down, including – H. pylori bacteria, certain pain relievers, Smoking e.t.c.

Most common symptom of peptic ulcers is feel a burning pain or discomfort between your belly button and breastbone. In some cases, the pain may wake you up at night. Its pain can last for a few minutes or a few hours, and may come and go for many days or weeks.

Types of peptic ulcers :

There are three types of peptic ulcers :

  1. Gastric ulcers : Gastric ulcer develop inside your stomach.
  2. Duodenal ulcers : It develops in the upper section of your small intestines
  3. Esophageal ulcers : It develops inside your esophagus.

Causes of peptic ulcers :  

There are different factors that cause the lining of your stomach, your esophagus, and your small intestine to break down, including :

  1. H. pylori can cause of your stomach infection and inflammation.
  2. Certain pain relievers may cause of peptic ulcers.
  3. Smoking may increase the risk of peptic ulcers.
  4. Excess drinking of alcohol increase the risk of peptic ulcers.
  5. Stomach cancer may cause of peptic ulcer.
  6. Unhealthy food diet.

Sign and Symptoms of peptic ulcers :  

Most common symptom of peptic ulcers is feel a burning pain or discomfort between your belly button and breastbone. In rare case, the pain may wake you up at night. Its pain can last for a few minutes or a few hours, and may come and go for many days or weeks.

Other common signs may include:

  • Feeling bloated
  • Bloody or dark stools
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Chest pain
  • Lack of appetite or weight loss
  • Burping

Diagnosis of peptic ulcers :  

If you notice any of these signs and symptoms than talk to your doctor. The doctor will ask you about your symptoms and your medical history.

Your doctor may ask you for some test, including :

  • Barium X-ray
  • Upper GI series
  • Noninvasive urea breath test
  • Serologic test for determining H.pylori
  • Stool antigen test for non-invasive detecting the presence of H.pylori.

Treatments of peptic ulcers :

 

In some of cases, peptic ulcers heal on their own. But if you don’t treat them, the ulcers can be come back.

The treatment depends on the basis of causes of the ulcer you have.

Have H. pylori infection :

If your doctor determines that you have an H. pylori infection,

  • In the case, the doctor will prescribe a combination of medication.
  • The medicines include antibiotics that helps to kill infections and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) that helps to reduce stomach acid.
  • Your doctor may prescribe to take medicine up to two weeks.
Don’t have H. pylori infection :

If the doctor determines that you don’t have an H. pylori infection than

  • Your doctor may recommend a prescription or over-the-counter PPI.
  • It helps to reduce stomach acid and help your ulcer heal.
  • Your doctor may prescribe it up to eight weeks.

Precautions

  • Do not drink more than two alcoholic beverages a day.
  • Don’t mix alcohol with medication.
  • Wash your hands with hand-wash before eating.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Take healthy and balance food diet.

 

 

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