Urinary Tract Infection ( UTI )

Urinary Tract Infection ( UTI )  is an infection which affects the part of the urinary tract.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is an infection from microbes (  the organisms that are too small to be seen without microscope ). It is one of the most common infection in human beings. In most cases, it is caused by bacteria but, in some cases, it is caused by fungi and viruses.

This disease can occurs anywhere in your urinary tract ( your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra ). In the upper tract, it can involve the ureters and kidneys and in lower tract, it  involve the urethra and bladder.

According to a survey, women have a lifetime risk of over 50% of developing of an UTI and can be cured with 2 to 3 days of good treatment.

There are two types of UTI :
  1. Bladder infection (cystitis ) : It affects the lower urinary tract.
  2. Kidney infection :  It affects the upper urinary tract.

Symptoms Of UTI :

Symptoms of a UTI depend on which part of your urinary tract is infected.

Lower tract UTIs affect the urethra and bladder. Its symptoms are :
  • Burning with urination
  • Blood during urination
  • Increased the frequency of urination without passing much urine
  • Change the color of urine
  • Urine with strong odor
  • Pelvic pain in women
  • Rectal pain in men
Upper tract UTIs can involve the ureters and kidneys. Its symptoms are :
  • Upper back and sides pain
  • Feeling chills
  • Sometimes have fever
  • Nausea or vomiting

Causes & Risk Factors of UTIs :

All the thing which reduces your bladder emptying or irritates the urinary tract can lead to UTIs. There are many causes which increase the risks of UTIs are :

  • Urethra infection : A urethra infection is called urethritis can be the cause of UTI.
  • Ageing : Generally it affects older adults.
  • Pregnancy : Pregnant women are not more likely to develop a UTI than others.
  • Sex : Sexual intercourse, especially if more frequent, intense, and with multiple or new partners may increase the risk of UTI.
  • Diabetes : Diabetes may increase the risk of UTI.
  • Kidney Stone : The patient affect with kidney stone have high risk of UTI.
  • Immobility for a long period : This may be the cause of UTI.
  • Non-lubricated latex condoms : It may increase friction and irritate the skin of women during sexual intercourse.

Diagnosis & Treatment : 

If you found any of the symptoms of UTIs than contact to your doctor. Your doctor will review your symptoms and perform a physical examination. To confirm a diagnosis of a UTI, your doctor may suggest to test urine for microbes. But, if the doctor found that you have  upper tract UTI, then he suggest to complete blood count (CBC) and blood cultures.

In this disease, your doctor may test :

  1. An X-ray of your abdomen
  2. Cystoscopy ( use a small camera that’s inserted through urethra and up into your bladder to see inside bladde ).
  3. CT Scan ( Computerized Tomography )

Your doctor may :

  1. Prescribe some medication to soothe the pain, and a heating pad may also be helpful.
  2. Suggest some Antibiotics to kill the intruders.

Prevention :

  • Drink lots of water. It helps to flush the bacteria from your system.
  • Urinate shortly after sex.
  • Avoid fluids such as alcohol and caffeine that can irritate the bladder.
  • Keep your private part clean.
  • Wipe from front to back after urination.
  • Don’t use any types of perfumed products in the genital area.
  • Showers are prefere to baths and avoid using oils.
  • Don’t hold urine for a long periods of time.
  • Always wear cotton underwear.

 

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